Mark Takai Committee Assignments 113th

Colleen Hanabusa
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Hawaii's 1st district


Assumed office
November 14, 2016
Preceded byMark Takai
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2015
Preceded byCharles Djou
Succeeded byMark Takai
11th President of the Hawaii Senate
In office
January 2, 2009 – November 6, 2010
Preceded byRobert Bunda
Succeeded byShan Tsutsui
Member of the Hawaii Senate
from the 21st district
In office
January 20, 1999 – November 6, 2010
Preceded byJames Aki
Succeeded byMaile Shimabukuro
Personal details
BornColleen Wakako Hanabusa
(1951-05-04) May 4, 1951 (age 66)
Waianae, Hawaii, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)John Souza
EducationUniversity of Hawaii, Manoa(BA, MA, JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Colleen Wakako Hanabusa (; Japanese: 花房コリーン若子, Hepburn: Hanabusa Korīn Wakako; born May 4, 1951) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 1st congressional district since 2016, previously holding the position from 2011 to 2015.[1] She is a member of the Democratic Party and is running for her party's nomination for Governor of Hawaii in 2018, challenging incumbent Governor David Ige.

Before her election to the United States House of Representatives, Hanabusa was a member of the Hawaii Senate, representing the 21st District beginning in 1998.[2] She served as the Senate Majority Leader before being elected Hawaii's first woman President of the Senate in 2007.[3][4] On August 24, 2011, she announced her intention to run for reelection to Congress.[5]

On December 17, 2012, after the death of Senator Daniel Inouye of Hawaii, it was announced that Inouye had sent a letter shortly before his death to the Governor of Hawaii, Neil Abercrombie, stating his desire that Hanabusa be appointed to his seat. Abercrombie decided against appointing Hanabusa and chose Lieutenant Governor of HawaiiBrian Schatz instead.[6][7][8] Hanabusa announced a Democratic primary challenge to the incumbent Schatz in the 2014 special election, but lost the close primary contest.[9]

In 2016, Hanabusa announced her intention to run in the 1st congressional district special election to fill the remaining term of Representative Mark Takai, and she won the Democratic primary for the race on August 13, 2016.[10] Hanabusa also won the election on November 8, 2016 and was sworn in on November 14.[11]

Early life and education[edit]

A fourth-generation American of Japanese ancestry, Colleen Hanabusa grew up in Waiʻanae with her two younger brothers, her parents, and her grandparents. In 1969 she graduated from St. Andrew's Priory. She received a B.A. in economics and sociology in 1973 and an M.A. in sociology in 1975 from the University of Hawai'i and in 1977 received a J.D. from the University of Hawai'i's William S. Richardson School of Law.[12]

Law career[edit]

Hanabusa is a labor lawyer with almost 30 years of experience, and a corporate officer in a family-run corporation. She has been recognized in The Best Lawyers in America, Woodward and White, Inc., served as a delegate to the Hawai`i State Judicial Conference, and was noted in Honolulu Magazine as one of Hawai`i's A+ Attorneys in 1993 and subsequent years.

Hawaii Senate[edit]

In November 1998, Hanabusa was elected as the state senator from the 21st District. The 21st District includes Wai'anae, where her family has resided for four generations, as well as Ko Olina, Kahe Point, Nanakuli, Ma'ili, Makaha, Makua and Ka'ena Point.

One of Hanabusa's first acts upon being elected was to organize senators to vote against the second-term confirmation of Hawaii Attorney GeneralMargery Bronster.[12]

Hanabusa served as Senate Majority Leader before being elected the first woman President of the Senate in 2006 – making her the first Asian American woman to preside over a state legislative chamber in the United States.[3] In 2003 she was named one of Hawaii’s “top ten political power brokers”, along with the state’s governor and two U.S. senators, by Hawaii Business Magazine.[13]

Hanabusa previously ran unsuccessfully in a special election held in January 2003 to replace the late Patsy T. Mink as U.S. Representative from Hawai'i's 2nd congressional district, losing to Ed Case, a Blue Dog Democrat.[14] In 2006 she ran for the same seat after Case retired to unsuccessfully challenge Senator Daniel Akaka in the Democratic primary. Hanabusa was again unsuccessful, losing in the Democratic primary to former Lieutenant GovernorMazie Hirono by 844 votes.[15]

Leadership positions[edit]

  • Serving the Leeward Coast as State Senator since 1998
  • State Senate President since 2007
  • State Senate Majority Leader since 2007
  • Chair, Judiciary and Hawaiian Affairs Committee
  • Co-chair, Joint Senate House Task Force on Ice and Drug Abatement
  • Senate's first statewide hearings on Rice v. Cayetano
  • United States Supreme Court decision Co-Chair, Joint Senate House Investigative Committee: Felix Consent Decree
  • 2001 Vice Chair, Senate Ways and Means Committee
  • Vice President, State Senate
  • Chair, Senate Committee on Water, Land, and Hawaiian Affairs[4]

Key legislation introduced[edit]

  • 3 R's program for repair and maintenance of schools
  • Repeal of the Van Cam Law
  • Tax credit to enable construction and jobs at Ko Olina
  • Bill to reform election contributions
  • Bill to pay the awards of the Individual Rights Panel-DHHL
  • Bill to require community notice prior to establishing a halfway house
  • Bill for a ceded land inventory Education Initiatives[4]


In 2002, when in the State Legislature, Hanabusa emerged as the leading advocate for legislation authorizing $75 million in tax credits for Ko Olina Resort, a move she declared necessary to spur development for the Leeward area, but which others saw as a reward for a close associate and political backer, Ko Olina developer Jeff Stone. When Governor Ben Cayetano vetoed the tax credit bill, Hanabusa took the unprecedented step of suing to overturn the veto.[16][17]

Within months, Hanabusa's then-fiancé John Souza received a preferential deal in purchasing one of Stone's homes in Ko Olina. In February 2005, less than two years after Souza bought the home, he sold it for a $421,000 profit, according to real estate records. Souza and Hanabusa, who were engaged at the time and married in 2008, then bought a $1-million home in another Ko Olina subdivision developed by Centex Homes of Texas.[18]

When State Rep. Glenn Wakai introduced legislation to prevent the eating of dogs and cats, Hanabusa refused to hold hearings on it in the State Senate Judiciary Committee, preventing it from passing.[19]

The Ko Olina tax-credit legislation, intended to promote development of a “world-class” aquarium at the resort, expired after plans for the aquarium were abandoned. Ko Olina Resort eventually returned the tax credit, but the Lingle Administration and Hanabusa disagreed on how to use the returned funds.[20]

While in Congress, Hanabusa was called a "loan shark" by the Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington for abusing her position to pay herself excessive interest payments to settling her campaign debt. Hanabusa's spokesperson stated these interest payments were merely repayment of a bank loan.[21]

In January 2013, Hanabusa appeared on The O'Reilly Factor, where she criticized a derogatory comment O'Reilly made toward Asians. O'Reilly condemned her for not watching the very program in which he made his statement, even though his comment was still widely considered as offensive. O'Reilly had previously commented on various social issues in Hawaii.[22]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]



Main articles: Hawaii's 1st congressional district special election, 2010 and United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii, 2010 § District 1

Hanabusa ran unsuccessfully in the May 22, 2010, special election to serve out the remaining months of former Representative Neil Abercrombie's term; then-City Councilman Charles Djou was able to defeat her without winning a majority of the votes under the rules of the winner-take-all election that split the Democratic vote between Hanabusa and rival Ed Case, a moderate Democrat.[23][24]

U.S. Senators Daniel Inouye and Daniel Akaka supported Hanabusa's special election campaign and backed her again in the September Democratic primary. Some in the national Democratic Party indicated a preference for Case, who previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives before an unsuccessful U.S. Senate primary challenge to Akaka in 2006. The national Democratic leadership remained officially neutral.[25][26]

On May 30, 2010, Case, citing his third-place showing in the special election and to avoid a rift among Democrats that could lead to Djou's winning the November election, announced his withdrawal from the race and gave his support to Hanabusa.[27] That placed Hanabusa as the top Democratic candidate in the September party primary, which she then won.[28] Hanabusa subsequently challenged Djou for the same seat and on November 2 won the general election by a 53.2% to 46.8% margin.[2][29][30]


Main article: United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii, 2012 § District 1

Although there was some speculation that she would run to succeed retiring Senator Daniel Akaka, Hanabusa opted to run for reelection to Congress.[5] She faced Djou again, and defeated him with 54.6 percent of the vote.


Main articles: Hawaii's 1st congressional district special election, 2016 and United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii, 2016

In May 2016, Hanabusa's successor in the House, Mark Takai, announced he was not running for reelection that year due to pancreatic cancer. Hanabusa subsequently announced that she would once again run for the seat.[31] Prior to his July 20, 2016 death, Takai had endorsed Hanabusa to succeed him.[32] Two weeks after his death, on August 3, Hanabusa announced that she would also run in the special election that is set for November 8, 2016, the same date as the regularly-scheduled election, to finish Takai's term in the 114th United States Congress.[33] On August 13, she easily won the Democratic primary for the general election.[34] On October 24, Hanabusa officially resigned from Chairman of the HART Board, seeking reelection to the United States House of Representatives.[35]


After House GOP leader John Boehner (R-OH) pledged to give incumbent Congressman Charles Djou a seat on the Appropriations Committee, Senator Daniel Inouye (D-HI) stated that Democrats would also name Hanabusa to Appropriations.[36] However, House Democratic leadership instead appointed her to the Armed Services and Natural Resources committees.[37]

Hanabusa was the third Buddhist to join the United States Congress, the previous ones being Hank Johnson of Georgia and Mazie Hirono of Hawaii.[38] Hanabusa's election makes Hawaii the only state with a majority non-Christian House delegation. She is a member of the New Democrat Coalition.[39]


As a Representative, Hanabusa has sponsored 14 bills, including:[40]

112th Congress (2011-2012)[edit]

  • H.R. 3320, a bill to increase funds for grants to U.S. owned Pacific islands to offset costs resulting from the residency of people from a Compact of Free Association (COFA) member-state, introduced November 2, 2011. Hanabusa introduced a similar bill, H.R. 1222, in the 113th Congress.

113th Congress (2013-2014)[edit]

  • H.R. 912, a bill to allow for Medicaid to provide care to people lawfully residing in a U.S. owned Pacific island who are from a COFA member-state, introduced February 28, 2013
  • H.R. 2225, a bill to change Memorial Day from the last Monday in May to its previous date of May 30, introduced June 3, 2013

In addition to the bills listed above, Hanabusa has sponsored several bills relating to Filipino World War II veterans that would, among other things, recognize their efforts in World War II and provide veteran benefits to them.

Current committee assignments[edit]

2014 U.S. Senate election[edit]

See also: United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 2014

On December 17, 2012, the second-longest serving U.S. Senator in history, Daniel Inouye, who had represented the state of Hawaii since it became a state in 1959, died of respiratory complications.[41] Shortly before his passing, Inouye sent a letter to Hawaii Governor Neil Abercrombie requesting that Hanabusa be appointed to his seat for the remainder of his term. Hanabusa submitted her name for consideration to the Democratic Party of Hawaii,[42] which then included her on a list of three candidates for Abercrombie's consideration.[6][7][43] Abercrombie then chose to appoint Lieutenant Governor of HawaiiBrian Schatz to the seat.[8][44] On December 26, 2012 Schatz was sworn in by Vice PresidentJoe Biden. On May 2, 2013, Hanabusa announced she would challenge Schatz in the 2014 Democratic primary. She said "Brian was not elected. He was appointed, and I don't think the people have really had an opportunity to weigh in on who they want to represent them in the United States Senate."[45]

In May, Inouye's widow, Irene, endorsed Hanabusa saying “Shortly after she was elected president of the Hawaii State Senate, Dan recognized that Colleen was more than capable of succeeding him and he began to mentor her. His last wish was that Colleen serve out his term because he was confident in her ability to step into the Senate and immediately help Hawaii."[46] Hanabusa's campaign hired many of Inouye's staffers.[47] Polling throughout the campaign was controversially mixed, with each campaign releasing different poll results.[48] In the end, Schatz won a narrow victory (115,401 to 113,632).

Inter-Congressional career[edit]

After leaving Congress, Hanabusa continued with her labor law practice. In June 2015, Hanabusa was appointed by Honolulu mayor Kirk Caldwell to the board of directors of the Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation (HART), the operator of Honolulu Rail Transit,[49] to replace Carrie Okinaga. She became its chairperson in April 2016 and resigned from it in October 2016.[50] She has served on the board of directors for Hawaii Gas since June 2015.[51]

See also[edit]


  1. ^As pronounced by herself in "Obligation".
  2. ^ abGoodin, Emily (November 3, 2010). "Dems pick up Hawaii seat". The Hill. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ abEMILY's List (2013), "Colleen Hanabusa",, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  4. ^ abc"About Colleen", Hanbusa for Hawaii, 2013, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  5. ^ abBlair, Chad (August 24, 2011), "No Senate Run for Hanabusa", Honolulu Civil Beat, Peer News, retrieved August 25, 2011 
  6. ^ abIsenstadt, Alex (December 17, 2012), "Colleen Hanabusa favorite for Daniel Inouye seat",, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  7. ^ ab"Inouye gave preference for successor before he died", CNN PoliticalTicker, December 18, 2012, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  8. ^ abGlueck, Katie (December 27, 2012), "Brian Schatz chosen to replace Daniel Inouye",, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  9. ^Cheney, Kyle; Dovere, Edward-Isaac (August 16, 2014). "Brian Schatz edges Colleen Hanabusa in Hawaii primary". Politico. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  10. ^[1]
  11. ^Duran, Nicole (November 14, 2016). "Three House lawmakers sworn in just before Congress ends". Washington Examiner. 
  12. ^ abRees, Robert M. (June 12, 2002), "Queen of the Senate", Honolulu Weekly, archived from the original on September 27, 2011 
  13. ^"Hawaii's Powerbrokers (List)", Honolulu Business Magazine, October 2003, retrieved May 14, 2010 
  14. ^Gima, Craig (January 6, 2003), "Victorious Case sees end of old-style politics", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, retrieved January 7, 2011 
  15. ^Reyes, B.J. (September 25, 2006), "Statewide name recognition gives Hirono the advantage", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, retrieved January 7, 2011 
  16. ^Pang, Gordon Y.K. (August 29, 2006), "Is 2nd time charm for U.S. House candidate?", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved May 14, 2010 
  17. ^Dooley, Jim (March 4, 2004), "Senator sees no conflict in many ties to Ko Olina", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved June 28, 2010 
  18. ^Dooley, Jim (October 28, 2010), "Exclusive Report: Close Ties Between Congressional Candidate Colleen Hanabusa and Ko Olina Developer Rake in Funds", Hawaii Reporter, retrieved February 7, 2011 
  19. ^"Honolulu Star-Bulletin News /2005/03/05/". Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  20. ^Kua, Crystal (January 18, 2007), "Ko Olina Resort returns tax credit of $75 million", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 12 (18), retrieved May 14, 2010 
  21. ^Dooley, Jim (March 22, 2012), "Hanabusa Rips Washington Group Calling Her A "Loan Shark"", Hawaii Reporter, retrieved March 22, 2012 
  22. ^"Hanabusa, O'Reilly tangle over report", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, January 12, 2013, retrieved February 1, 2013 (subscription required)
  23. ^DePledge, Derrick (January 14, 2010), "Hawaii candidates for Congress outline policy differences", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved March 5, 2011 
  24. ^DePledge, Derrick (May 24, 2010), "Election results show Djou's appeal outside East Honolulu", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved January 7, 2011 
  25. ^DePledge, Derrick (May 6, 2010), "Hanabusa defies polls, will stay in race", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved January 7, 2011 
  26. ^DePledge, Derrick (January 10, 2010), "Senators boost Hanabusa", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved March 5, 2011 
  27. ^DePledge, Derrick (May 31, 2010), "Case stuns with withdrawal from Hawaii congressional primary", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved February 7, 2011 
  28. ^Star-Advertiser staff (September 19, 2010), "Djou and Hanabusa have rematch Nov. 2", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved February 7, 2011 
  29. ^"House Map – Election Results 2010 – The New York Times", New York Times, retrieved February 7, 2011 
  30. ^Reyes, B.J. (November 4, 2010), "Hanabusa sweeps districts", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved February 7, 2011 
  31. ^Dayton, Kevin (May 25, 2016). "Hanabusa to run for U.S. House to succeed Takai". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. 
  32. ^Daysog, Rick (May 29, 2016). "Takai endorses Hanabusa in congressional race". Hawaii News Now. 
  33. ^Dayton, Kevin (August 3, 2016). "Special-election winner will finish Takai's term". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved August 5, 2016. 
  34. ^Cole, William (August 13, 2016). "Schatz, Hanabusa, Gabbard cruise to victory in congressional races". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved August 15, 2016. 
  35. ^Honoré, Marcel (October 28, 2016). "Longtime construction executive to replace Hanabusa on HART board". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved November 7, 2016. 
  36. ^Associated Press (October 20, 2010), "Inouye: Hanabusa would win appropriations spot", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved February 7, 2011 
  37. ^Associated Press (January 19, 2011), "Hanabusa appointed to armed services and natural resources committees", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved February 7, 2011 
  38. ^"Faith on the Hill: The Religious Composition of the 114th Congress". Pew Research Center. January 5, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2016.  
  39. ^"Members". New Democrat Coalition. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  40. ^"Representative Hanabusa's Legislation". Library of Congress. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  41. ^Elving, Ron; Block, Melissa (December 17, 2012), "Hawaii Sen. Daniel Inouye Dies At 88 Of Respiratory Complications",, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  42. ^Wong, Scott (December 19, 2012), "Hanabusa to apply for Inouye's Hawaii Senate seat",, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  43. ^DePledge, Derrick; Reyes, B.J. (December 27, 2012), "Mr. Schatz goes to Washington", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved October 27, 2013 (subscription required)
  44. ^Blair, Chad (December 26, 2012), "Why Abercrombie Didn't Pick Hanabusa", Honolulu Civil Beat, Peer News, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  45. ^Garcia, Oskar (May 2, 2013), "Hanabusa announces US Senate run in Hawaii", Yahoo News, Associated Press, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  46. ^Schultheis, Emily (May 3, 2013), "Daniel Inouye's widow endorses Colleen Hanabusa over Brian Schatz",, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  47. ^Blair, Chad; Grube, Nick (June 24, 2013), "Can Inouye's Ghost Take Down Sen. Brian Schatz?", Honolulu Civil Beat, Peer News, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  48. ^Burns, Alexander (July 3, 2013), "Hawaii Dems clash on 2014 polls",, retrieved October 27, 2013 
  49. ^[2]
  50. ^28, 2016 October; 28, 2016 Updated October; 11:25am, 2016. "Longtime construction executive to replace Hanabusa on HART board". Retrieved 2017-03-01. 
  51. ^"Hawaii Gas names Colleen Hanabusa, Colbert Matsumoto, Catherine Ngo to board of directors – Pacific Business News". Pacific Business News. Retrieved February 27, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Hanabusa at the Aloha Floral Parade in 2010


Legislative Metrics

Read our 2017 Report Card for Takano.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Takano is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Takano has sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations

Committee Membership

Mark Takano sits on the following committees:

Enacted Legislation

Takano was the primary sponsor of 1 bill that was enacted:

View All »

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Takano sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:

Armed Forces and National Security (48%)Education (15%)Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (9%)Crime and Law Enforcement (7%)Government Operations and Politics (7%)Energy (6%)

Recent Bills

Some of Takano’s most recently sponsored bills include...

View All » | View Cosponsors »

Voting Record

Key Votes

Takano’s VoteVote Description
Nay H.R. 1695: Register of Copyrights Selection and Accountability Act of 2017
Apr 26, 2017. Passed 378/48.
This bill would change the appointment process for the head of the U.S. Copyright Office, known as the Register of Copyrights. Currently the Register of Copyrights is hired by the Librarian of Congress (who is the head of the Library of Congress). This bill would ...
No H.R. 4127: Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016
Dec 1, 2015. Passed 364/58.
Aye H.R. 3038: Highway and Transportation Funding Act of 2015, Part II
Jul 15, 2015. Passed 312/119.
No H.R. 2146: Defending Public Safety Employees’ Retirement Act
Jun 18, 2015. Passed 218/208.
This vote made H.R. 2146 the vehicle for passage of Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal currently being negotiated. H.R. 2146 was originally introduced as a bill to address issues with retirement funds of federal law enforcement officers and firefighters. ...
Nay H.R. 2048: Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ensuring Effective Discipline Over Monitoring Act of 2015
May 13, 2015. Passed 338/88.
The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of the Patriot Act, which had expired the day before. The act imposes some new limits on the bulk collection of ...
Nay H.R. 83 (113th): Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015
Dec 11, 2014. Passed 219/206.
This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December 11, 2014 and by the Senate on December 13, 2014. The bill was originally introduced on January 3, 2013 by ...
Nay H.R. 4681 (113th): Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015
Dec 10, 2014. Passed 325/100.
No H.J.Res. 124 (113th): Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2015
Sep 17, 2014. Passed 319/108.
No H.R. 4681 (113th): Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015
May 30, 2014. Passed 345/59.
No H.R. 1947 (113th): Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013
Jun 20, 2013. Failed 195/234.

Missed Votes

From Jan 2013 to Mar 2018, Takano missed 28 of 3,340 roll call votes, which is 0.8%. This is better than the median of 2.3% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

Show the numbers...

Time PeriodVotes EligibleMissed VotesPercentPercentile
2013 Jan-Mar8922.2%58th
2013 Apr-Jun21500.0%0th
2013 Jul-Sep20000.0%0th
2013 Oct-Dec13700.0%0th
2014 Jan-Mar14800.0%0th
2014 Apr-Jun21900.0%0th
2014 Jul-Sep14700.0%0th
2014 Nov-Dec4900.0%0th
2015 Jan-Mar14400.0%0th
2015 Apr-Jun24400.0%0th
2015 Jul-Sep13900.0%0th
2015 Oct-Dec17710.6%31st
2016 Jan-Mar13700.0%0th
2016 Apr-Jun20442.0%49th
2016 Jul-Sep23200.0%0th
2016 Nov-Dec4800.0%0th
2017 Jan-Mar208167.7%91st
2017 Apr-Jun13621.5%45th
2017 Jul-Sep19900.0%0th
2017 Oct-Dec16721.2%40th
2018 Jan-Mar10111.0%30th

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:

Mark Takano is pronounced:

mahrk // tuh-KA-noh

The letters stand for sounds according to the following table:

LetterSounds As In
A acat
AH ahcalm
K kking
M mman
N nnot
OH ohmost
R rrag
T ttop
UH uhcup

Capital letters indicate a stressed syllable.

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